the ultimate nautical marathon
1981 this is a digital version of an article from The Times Print Archive, before it starts online in 1996.
To keep these articles as they appear initially, the Times will not change, edit, or update them.
There are occasional copywriting errors or other problems during the digitization process.
Please send a report of such issues to archid_feedback @ nytimes. com.
Fishman often writes yachts for The Times. By Joanne A.
Somewhere in the North Atlantic, a fleet of 30 yachts headed south at the first stop of the ultimate sailing marathon, the world\'s third round of white bread racing.
The leaders of the fleet that set off eight days ago from Portsmouth, England, should meet the strong northerly winds known as Portuguese trade, and will sweep the shores of the Iberian Peninsula to the Canary Islands.
About seven months later, before the ship sailed back to Portsmouth port, they and their crew would be pushed to their maximum limit, through the worst weather in the world, cross the ocean at the fastest speed of more than 27,000 miles.
Anyone who goes out on a voyage must deal with the unpredictable nature of water and wind.
But in competitions around the world, sailors must also deal with extreme weather.
From the heat and the heart
On the Atlantic Ocean between Africa and South America, with storms, cold and ice on the edge of the South Pole, grinding calm, has been racing against the clock and calendar.
Those who venture to the bottom of the world have also encountered a challenge, that is, very few sailors who are brave and roaring in their forties, the legendary extension is between 40 and 50 degrees south latitude, which is the only place on Earth where no land breaks the wind around the Earth for a week.
There, the wind roared over the vast mountains, pushing up the ocean of mountains.
There, the sailors also faced nerves.
Shuttling through the iceberg of treacherous faith, the pain of freezing and the bones --
The chilling discomfort of working and sleeping in wet clothes sometimes lasts for weeks.
Why are they doing this?
What makes those rich enough to indulge themselves in almost any way, they focus on white bread and rearrange their lives, take part in a race that takes nearly a year to prepare and sail for another seven months, whose only material reward is a modest trophy?
Why do other sailors rush to go with them?
Captain Peide Lund, 57
When 150 people applied for him to the crew, the Norwegian entry B. erge Viking must have put this forward because he did all the psychological analysis of them to determine their motivation and(
The crew berth on the top yacht is very selective, and a captain is from F. C. F.
British contestant Challenger sold 10 berths for £ 7,000 to help the United Nations write his adventure story ($12,700)a head. )
The temptation to advertise white bread is basically basic.
Human beings confront the forces of nature on a global scale.
The Dutch investment banker, Cornelis van Rietschoten, won 1977
78 match of correction time (
Disability rating based on consideration of vessel size, shape and speed potential)
Now I hope his new 76-
The foot of the same name will be the first ship on the finish line, and recently explained: \"You will not participate in this competition for its glory.
You must do it for yourself.
It all comes down to you and elements in this physical world.
In the process, I have learned a lot about myself.
\"For Roy Müller, who is a retired British Royal Navy commando, is now on vacation for a year at a Marine Manufacturing Company, serving as the pilot of the New Flyer \"magic\" sailed to the limit of pure joy, and one night after leaving the Roaring Forty-somethings on 1977-1 night from Cape Horn was reflected78 Whitbread.
\"We run with the main sail and prosper all the way --
Mullender recalled that Genoa was out. (
Genoa is a large former island that overlaps the main sail. )
\"We had about 20 winds on the deck and we were surfing for a long time in a row.
But it was a clear night with huge stars.
The sail was illuminated by the moon behind me.
We turned on the stereo speakers on the ship, and the second piano concerto for rachinov played quietly behind me.
The boat is under the control of the fingertips. Let her go one-
Half the way wrong, she will let go and get into terrible trouble.
We sailed on the side.
This is absolutely perfect.
\"On the morning of 362, before September, the first global air tour was launched in the name of economic competition, when Ferdinand Magel-
Lan left Spain with five ships and 265 people to find an internal track to wealth, the western route to the Spice Islands.
Although he\'s not one of three 18 people who survived.
A year-long voyage
He was killed in clashes with locals in the Philippines)
Magellan successfully found the Western passage, proving once and for all that the shape of the Earth is round.
Profits are still the driving force for 19 th century sailing between ports in Britain, the United States, China and Australia, the first arrivals received the highest financial return for their tea, nitrate, coal and spice goods.
For those in the white bread race, there is no monetary reward, only 15-inch-high sterling-
In the form of turning to the compass, the winner won the silver medal at the right time and won a few smaller trophies in other categories.
Today\'s white bread yacht, even with its well-designed hull and
On board the computer, it will not be easy to find the speed set by defeating the old sailing boats, and the larger size and sailing ability of the old sailing boats make them move fast at sea.
In 1854, Clippers lightning created 63 days of existing records, as did James Burns and Thermopylae later in the same year.
Just 13 years ago, racing cars around the world began a pure unpaid thrill inspired by Sir Francis Chichester\'s epic solo voyage, the first yacht to travel the world alone
He completed the journey in 226 days, only one stop and boarded 53-
Foot bird moth IV)
Sir Alec Ross stopped two stops on Highway 34.
Walking nearly a year before returning to England, the lady with lively feet.
The achievements of Chichester and Ross have attracted close attention in the British media, which is the first and only onehanded round-the-
Shortly thereafter, the Sunday Times and 5,000 in London ($12,000)prize offered.
There is no formal start.
On the contrary, during the month of June 1-10, ships were only required to leave any port on the British Isles.
1968, return to the same or another port in the UK.
The first nine ships, all in English-
Only Robin Knox. Johnston\'s 32-
Foot ketch Suhaili completed all the conditions of the game, completed in 313 days, uninterrupted.
Five other yachts were badly damaged, and the sixth was found drifting in the Atlantic Ocean and abandoned.
The prestigious Royal Naval Sailing Association of the United Kingdom organized the next global competition and brought the brewery Whitbread & Company as a sponsor.
Unlike the disastrous competition of the lonely crew, white bread is carefully planned and safety is the primary consideration. The R. N. S. A.
Held every four years
It is a complete crewed monohulled yacht for carrying at least five people.
As a security measure, all ships need to broadcast their location twice a week in order to run for headquarters in Portsmouth.
While these reports are usually a mix of Facts and Fantasies, because the captains try not to let each other know who they really are and what progress they make, all the accounts on board have to be heard. The R. N. S. A.
In addition, three mandatory laymen were set up to give the vessel the opportunity to replenish supplies, re-pair and give the crew some time to rest and entertain.
Therefore, the competition is divided into four legs (
See map on page 16)
The shortest is about 6,000 miles long, twice the length of the next longest yacht race, such as the Cape Town to Rio and the Transpac Ra ce from California to Hawaii.
At each stop, a representative of the Royal Naval Sailing Association will log in with the assistance of the competition committee of the local yacht club.
The first stop is Portsmouth to Cape Town, then Cape Town to Auckland, New Zealand, then Auckland to Del Plata, Argentina, March, and finally del Plata to Portsmouth in March.
Ships are expected to sail from Cape Town around October.
Depart from Auckland on December.
Del Plata, March, February.
1982 and complete the course at the end of the march.
For larger and faster vessels, a stopover between the legs can be up to a month, while smaller and slower vessels may only stay at the port for two weeks.
The start date of each round after the first round is determined after the 70% fleet has completed the previous stretch.
The straggler arriving after the start of the next round can set out on its own, however, its position on this leg is still calculated as it leaves with other fleets.
The first white bread held on 1973
74,17 ships started, 14 completed, Raymon Carlin in Mexico to 65-
The foot of ketchisaura II. Three crew-
The men of the other three ships were washed into the sea and drowned.
The next Whitbread drew 15 entries, all completed and no loss of life.
The fastest round so farthe-
Total world time for yacht launchthe 77-
Uk ii-feet cage
It\'s been 134 days, 12 hours.
This is nine hours longer than the 1976 S, also the British II, which was recorded on a voyage
Stop the Financial Times Clippers
But many expect this record to be broken in the race currently underway, possibly by the new flight crew, as the sail and hull technology improved during this period.
The Third Fleet of white bread came from 14 countries, and the smallest was 43-
The largest yacht in the UK and the largest yacht in the UKfoot F. C. F. Challenger.
First representative from the United States-
Alaska Eagle, 65
Owned and captain by Anchorage industrialist Neil Berg, Foot sloop purchased, modified and modified van litchten\'s old flyer for more than $13 million.
Most yachts are sloop-shaped to cater to current fashion trends. rigged (single-
Masted, there isand-aft sails)
Nearly half of them were designed and built specifically for the game.
The French entries include European sailing, driven by Eric talbali, the national hero of his yacht victory, and two sponsored by the winery Charles haidsikh III and Kriter 9
There is also such a public pan
The European entry flying the flag of the European Economic Community is Traite de Rome (
Its name comes from its inaugural treaty)
European University in Belgium, named after its Brussels sponsor. The top-
In addition to van Rietschoten\'s New Flyer, the seed boat also includes the New Zealand ceramics company, which is captain by Peter Blake and the Alaska eagle.
United\'s friendly old England II must also be considered a contender because of its record
Set the pace of the early global race, as well as the experience and talent of the captain and former host Chay Blyth, who agreed to take over the command of 77 two weeks before the start of the race
Foot sloop is now owned by the Swedish yacht woman Cecelia Unger and she will be competing.
Since the first white bread, the role of women has increased significantly.
As women become more competitive and skilled in the yacht race, they have moved out of the kitchen to decorate the sail and take the helm.
In the first game, Zara Pascoli became the first woman to compete around the world. The best-
In the second game, the famous female player was Claire Francis of England.
Captain 65\'s long-range sailor
Foot-to-foot dual-mast sailboat Accutrac Observer Single ADChanded Trans-Atlantic Race.
11 women, including Sweden\'s Cecilia angle, signed up for the competition.
The only American is Debbie scarlin, 23.
Foot South Africa entry Xargo III.
Gaye Sarma, 27year-
Old British nurse, medical officer in Rome Traite de Rome.
Three French women, both transgender veterans.
Atlantic crossing, 70-foot ketch.
One of them, Florence sautt, 22, serves as a sailing maker.
Earlier this summer, Neil Berg said in an interview with The New York Yacht Club that the advertisement \"I can\'t sleep one night in last October \".
\"I walked into the library and started reading again about the white bread contest.
I have always wanted to participate in this competition.
Then, about 4 in the morning, I realized it was time.
\"Bergt was originally an Alaska bush pilot who fulfilled his dream by building a small airlin einto into a $160 Alaska international industrial group.
He said he found it easier to build a $20 million offshore drilling platform in the Arctic than to prepare a ship for white bread, because there are too many small pieces to deal.
Old Berg has been doing some competitions for eight years since taking part in the sport, and he has not been included in the mainstream of the yacht race. But his 12-
Man cr ew is an experienced player, including two veterans of the last Whitbr ead competition.
When asked what his background is, I think he can win white bread, soft bread
The talking entrepreneur took a sip of a cigar and firmly chin before answering \"because I am the winner.
\"Later, thinking of the reaction of his friends and business partners to his adventure, Bergt laughed and said,\" they all looked at me like I was totally crazy.
This is definitely the most boring thing I have ever done.
But I want to make white bread.
Then go back to work. \'\'For 32-year-
Old Peter Black: \"This is the last time.
A mechanical engineer from New Zealand, Blake was injured in both previous races, but this time he was driving his own yacht, Ceramco, New Zealand, a 68-
Foot aluminum sloop designed by a countryman Bruce fall, by a fullKiwi crew.
The yacht is a national effort that is largely underwritten by New Zealand ceramics, whose name is underwritten by the company and 500 shareholders, including the old-
The elderly, amateur sailors, and even a primary school class who received the pension, each paid $500 for it.
In addition, 150 New Zealand companies have donated or sold their products at cost.
Even the government cooperated by exempting Blake from the sales tax on donated items.
When talking about the white bread Court, Blake pointed out that from southern England to Gibraltar, the wind is likely to be between the southwest and the Northwest --
\"Nothing is too serious at this time of year.
Starting from Gibraltar, the fleet will blow northeast on the Canary Islands, about 600 miles north of the equator.
Off the coast of Africa, the ship will hit a reef, a calm zone that stretches almost across the Atlantic Ocean.
Here, Blake says, the challenge is to \"pass the time with waffles in very volatile conditions of 400 miles.
He said, \"in the south of the equator, the yacht will encounter southeast wind, and then it is expected that in the next few weeks, the yacht will encounter wind for most of the time to travel to Cape Town.
Black pointed out that the next stop is in the iceberg country around 55 degrees south latitude.
The weather is very cold. Traditionally, the wind comes from behind and from the West.
The winds there are usually windy, 35 to 47, but often reach wind violence, 48 to 63, some-
The impact of the hurricane is growing.
This is where the crew often wear seat belts on the deck and attach them to the railing or deck through the cable.
In the evening, the temperature on the deck dropped to 14 degrees Fahrenheit.
The water temperature is almost zero and there is a lot of ice and snow, Black said.
It was so cold that the sails froze.
All the lines are covered with snow and snow mud, and all the metal products, as well as a triangular sail Pole, are covered with a layer of ice.
The living area under the deck is heated, but other areas, such as the bow where the sail is stored, are also covered with ice.
Blake recalled that on the last white bread ship, he injured the mast in the Atlantic Ocean.
We were lucky enough to have a rich enough supporter, so we have a jury.
A mast was pulled into the port and a new mast flew to us and left again.
As Blake points out, the availability of the right spare gears in such a long race, especially the availability of rigging and sails, is sometimes crucial.
Some captains, such as Bergt and van Rietschoten, are sending a container with spare parts and supplies to each stopover point.
Advertising because freezing injury has been a problem in the past, Blake, like most other captains, has equipped his crew with specially designed bad weather equipment to help maintain their body temperature and reduce their body temperature.
Still, between condensation and the water on the deck, he admits, \"you\'ll end up getting wet and you\'ll have to bear it if you can\'t do anything.
You wet your sleeping bag because you have no dry clothes anymore and you tremble for hours before getting warm gradually.
Then you have to go back to the deck.
\"But it\'s there, at the bottom of the world, from South Africa to New Zealand, and then to South America, around Cape Horn, Ceramco was designed to fly.
It\'s also there, and in this long sea of winds and mountains, the game is likely to win or fail.
Ceramco runs in front of the high seas and is almost designed as a plane like a surfboard.
\"It\'s so exciting,\" Blake said . \"
But it\'s dangerous.
In the official White Bread Project of the early game, Robin Knox-
Johnston, who sailed around the world alone, described in this way the feeling of sliding in front of the waves that followed the sea in the roaring forti es: \"As the slopes of the waves climb up the stern, there is a huge feeling of hand pushing the ship forward.
The bow wave is getting higher and higher, spreading outward, and the boat starts buzzing like a subway, but with the noise of water and spray, the sound is only faint.
The knuckles turn white when everyone grabs anything solid, because while a ship flying on the B ig wave offers the most exciting feeling, it only needs to be. . . a small yaw (
Reasons for car slipping)
Or the most slight concentration on the helmsman, let the boat swing in front of the wave, in which case, the oncoming wave. . .
Roll to the ship and drown it completely.
\"Once a ship starts to slide, Knox --
Johnston observed, \"It\'s as determined as a cyclist, riding a bike without a brake down a steep hill.
It is not possible to stop the ship until the wave finally exceeds the ship, and then there is only a short respite before the next wave arrives, and the experience will repeat.
This voyage requires skill and courage, and the crew that combines the two will be many miles apart between them and their competitors
Sail and hang by keeping.
\"For many sailors, the South Ocean has its own charm.
Seals, occasional penguins and 70 feet long whales live in the ocean.
Here, thousands of miles from the land, it is also found that albatross has wings spanning up to 7 feet of birds.
In the evening, there is an awesome phenomenon called the Aurora of the Antarctic Northern Lights.
Please click on the box to verify that you are not a robot.
The email address is invalid. Please re-enter.
You must select the newsletter you want to subscribe.
View all New York Times newsletters.
\"It\'s like a sparkling green curtain from one end of the sky to the other,\" explains Peter Black . \".
\"People will stay up late to watch if allowed.
\"But in this hypnotic weather display and high stimulation --
There are serious dangers lurking in high-speed navigation.
Now, advanced electronic devices make it possible to discover some of the problems that are coming up.
Most of the yachts in this white bread are equipped with the new de-
A navigation system has been developed to receive signals from an orbital satellite, which can accurately tell the navigator that he is anywhere in the world.
Most aircraft have weather fax machines that can print satellite photos of the weather.
While satellite photos cover an area of 3,000 square miles, different weather systems appear every three or four days, so predicting the skills of a captain or pilot can provide tactical advantage.
One problem that modern instruments cannot eliminate is the danger of icebergs.
Blake observed, \"you can use radar or sonar, but we don\'t think the large icebergs that radar will find are usually dangerous because you can see them.
This is the size of a small house that floats 1 feet above the water
The ones you can\'t see
This is the problem.
We keep an eye on icebergs.
\"Ray Mullender, in a pre-interview on the flyer, noted that he served as a navigator on the flyer, and that those who had competed in the last two white bread races were clear, \"We have not experienced the worst weather we can produce in any way.
Sooner or later, we will have a real victory.
Wind level 12, reaching 60 to 70 knots or more, and blowing from the south.
\"That means it comes from ice hundreds of miles away and you have to survive,\" Mullender said . \".
The Great Ocean and the strong cold have slowed people\'s lives.
They may not be able to protect the ship fast enough.
Blow two days of Force 12 in an open ocean and you get 80-foot seas.
They are hooligans or monsters, but they exist.
\"Due to the rapid development of yacht construction technology in recent years, as well as the discovery of new materials and construction methods, racing yachts are usually lighter.
The weight itself does not necessarily make the boat stronger, but the pressure on the light boat is greater, because the lighter the boat, the faster it travels.
Driving a ship into the open sea is like repeatedly driving a car into a brick wall.
If you go fast enough, you will break it into pieces.
Most of the skills to navigate the ocean
Racing yachts know how hard it is to push the boat to the highest speed without crashing it into pieces.
Roy moorler recalled that the limman sea faced such a dilemma during the Financial Times Clippers race.
The wind was moving and he found the boat starting to 35-
\"I thought I would crash the boat if I continued so I slowed her down (
By shortening the sail)
About 60% of her ability, she spent the night beautifully.
At the same time, I don\'t know if I am afraid or a good sailor.
The first light of dawn shows that his nearest opponent caught up at night.
\"Some of the crew looked at me and said, \'Hell, the old man is scared.
Mullender recalled, but only four hours later their rudder fell. Cornelis (Conny)
Van Rietschoten, 55year-
Old Dutch in Delft
Blue eyes are a person with a special purpose.
Especially in a race as hard as white bread, preparation is key to morale, safety, and final victory.
Starting last spring, his new ship was thought to cost $1.
The 5 million was launched in the yard of Wolter Huisman in the Netherlands, and van Rietsc hoten has been working to adjust it.
He flew across the Atlantic c to the malbourhead.
Look at the sail.
When he was on the East Coast, he attended 500-mile Annapolis-to-
The new Port race, time goes.
Then he continued to adjust the rig at 3,0-00
Mile jaunt returned to England where her series of matches continued. A 76-
Foot aluminum sloop, Flyer is the latest in a series of maxis, an obstacle system for the white bread race, built in accordance with the maximum length allowed for marine racers, according to international maritime rules.
Flyer was made on the drawing board of the highly respected Argentine designer German Frers, which has a little shorter rig than most maxis --
It stretches 105 feet on the water.
And a longer keel.
While this may make the flyer a little slower than the other maxis, it also gives the ship more stability, which may be more important in the long run.
The flyer dashboard in the cockpit is like an airplane, with digital readings constantly flashing towards the helmsman.
These figures provide a series of information, including the speed at which the vessel passes through the water and the speed towards the destination (
This is not necessarily the same thing as the boat may be traveling against the wind or affected by the flow of water).
Another set of figures tells the helmsman how close the vessel is to its maximum performance, depending on the speed curve given in the vessel\'s disability rating. The on-
The board computer system also gives the speed and direction of the real wind and apparent wind, which is a combination of the true wind and the wind generated by the ship\'s movement in the water.
When all these complex electronic devices could not help him move the ship quickly as he wanted, Coney van litchten turned to a more primitive approach.
For luck, he threw the coins into the sea and brought the wind.
If such a tribute affects God, who can say it?
But it can be seen from personal observation that in Annapolis, last June-
In two different races, when Van litchten threw several Dutch shield heads into the flat sea, the wind then blew.
There are 27 sails on the flyer, some weighing hundreds of pounds, each time the wind speed changes about 5 knots, in order to keep the boat going at the highest speed, the triangle sail may be changed.
The sail is controlled by the crew with the help of 15 winches, of which several are about 1 feet in diameter.
In the past year
Paced\'s technology challenges a long-standing reliance on sails made of polyester fiber.
Many leading seas now
The racing yacht carries a front sail made of Mela fiber, a polyester film glued to polyester, and a synthetic fiber that binds Mela fiber and polyester to another one that is as strong as steel.
However, the huge sail used to drive the maxiboat must be able to withstand great pressure without losing its shape and must be easy to handle and very durable.
The front sail of only two flyers is painted with Mela, both of which are used in the air.
If Marra is used on a heavier sail, it will make the sail too stiff to handle.
Instead, the rest of the sail is made of soft polyester fabric cut into narrow panels.
Chris Bouzard, president of the manufacturer of quality Hood sailboats, marbourhead.
The sailing maker of the Whitbread fleet 60% explained in a stability cruise on the flyer that the sail is more expensive because the stitching panel takes more sewing time.
The resulting tight weaving increases the life and makes it easier to handle.
In the long weeks of the sea, every ship competing on white bread must be completely self-contained.
So the choice of the crew is crucial.
15 flight personnel from eight countries include Patrick Antelme, a chef borrowed from a restaurant in Paris, who is said to have done wonders under freezingdried foods.
Another important crew member is Julian Fuller, 30. year-
Old doctor in Cape Town and a veteran sailor who had eaten
From his residence to a one-year leave to join the flyer.
According to Fuller, wet and cold conditions in the South China Sea limit bathing once a week, making infection the most common medical problem at sea.
So he put all kinds of antibiotics, all kinds of pills and creams on the flyer, and 1,000-
Crew members are urged to take unit tablets of vitamin C every day.
Fuller also prepared two complete sterile suture kits for surgical emergencies.
He brought in a complete set of dental equipment that would enable him to do anything, from setting up temporary fillers to handling any crown that might fall off.
Not only does it make sense to be prepared for a medical emergency, but in this game it can also save the captain time lost, and possibly the game, having to bring an injured crew into the port
Sailing maker Grant Dalton from New Zealand has the ability to carry out any necessary sailing repairs on board.
The main salon of the ship is designed to be converted into a sail loft by moving only part of the table and inserting it into the sewing machine.
Behind the table is the kitchen, in addition to the stove and double sink, the kitchen also has a refrigerator, powered by boa t\'s generator, which is able to provide enough food for 15 people in 35 days.
There are two closed crew quarters advertised, each with four bunk spaces, at the back, which means that all except the two duty captains are working according to the hotbunk principle and the previous shift has
Both the pilot and the captain have their own cabins in the stern, all equipped with electronic equipment.
The flyer also has a dry locker for wet clothes and head or toilet.
But at sea, washing is usually done on a small platform behind the stern, using a bucket of salt water.
Life on any racing ship revolves around the watch system.
On the flight, the crew were divided into two groups.
The man looked and everyone had their own leader who was in charge of the operation of the yacht when the captain was not on the deck.
Two during the day-
Watch for hours, the rest of the 24 hours are divided into 4-hour watches.
The only people not on the watch system are the captain, the pilot and the chef.
During the period of duty, each crew member has a designated station on the deck and takes specific responsibility during each change.
The crew also kept checking for friction, one of the biggest problems in the long haul.
The sail is rubbed on the rigging, and the worn place must be repaired before the entire sail is torn.
Friction can also occur on the wire lifters used for lifting and lifting sails, and if they break, it can cause disaster in strong winds.
When their watch is over, the crew of the flyer can sleep, read or listen to music on two tapes.
Van Rietschoten, a calm and calm captain, never yelled at the crew, but he was very disciplined.
Navigator Roy moorland believes that flyers are more formal than the two British military yachts he drives.
\"But that\'s the right thing to do,\" he said.
At sea, Flyer is an early ship, but at the port, it is another story.
Van litshouton\'s style was to send his crew Royal to shore.
On the eve of every stop of the race, he believed to give his crew a good party so that they had some pleasant things to remember during their long trip to the next port.
During a stopover in the race, Van litshouton plans a special outing as a regular break for the ship.
For example, during his stay in Cape Town, he plans to rent a plane and take his crew to a game reserve.
While some yachts have a \"happy hour\" every night to ease the tension of the race, Ceramco\'s Blake says he also believes in driving a dry boat.
However, if there is an unusually difficult change in the sail, or if there is a dangerous task on the mast, it is well known that Black will provide his crew with a cup of coffee mixed with rum.
Most captains agree that in order to overcome what Mullender calls \"mice\", the crew must be compatible and disciplinedin-the-box syndrome.
\"For every species,\" said the navigator, \"it is necessary to have some space around them to input their genes.
If you\'re trying to turn this around, you\'re playing an important part of human fiber.
Being locked in a boat for a long time will eventually lead to irrational behavior.
This means that people will think that they are completely normal, and the other person is already crazy, in fact, their own fault.
But you can\'t tell them.
I don\'t know if anyone knows how to deal with this situation, but it would be helpful to know that it exists.
What is advertising that brings a team together?
Mullender\'s answer is \"attitude \".
People just learn to get rid of difficult moments and do what needs to be done.
We spent a lot of time laughing.
This is the way Coney does: Let\'s win, but let\'s have a good time.
Van Rietschoten believes that compatibility is a combination of organization and discipline.
During the warm-up, he pointed out that while the captain had to train others, it all started on your own.
You show others that you are not afraid, you can handle it well.
There are many times when people are afraid in such competitions.
But you have to show that there is no time to be afraid.
There are many things you don\'t like, but you overcome them.
You always do this in your life and you overcome the problem.
But it\'s not just another problem.
This is the hardest to master.
\"When one day in next March or April, the white bread yacht began to return to port Portsmouth, their captain may have mastered the skills of himself and his crew, but not the sea, it is not that sailors learn again and again, and only when they survive can they be completely conquered.
A version of this article was printed on page 6006013 of the National edition on September 6, 1981 with the title: The ultimate sailing marathon.